Facts and Signs Of Diabetes

There are two types of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetic is the diabetic that appears when the immunity system considers the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin as an enemy of the body and starts fighting them. Type 2 diabetic is the diabetic that show on the people who are not able to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes is the most common as 90 percent of the diabetic people carry type 2 diabetic.

Common Symptoms

There are common symptoms between the two types of diabetics such as:
Fatigue, because of the decrease of the glucose percentage in the blood, the diabetic person feels fatigue after eating.
Weight loss, the high percentage of glucose in the blood leads to the loss weight of an average of 10 to 20 kilograms in two or three months.
Extreme thirst, the high percentages of sugar in the blood leads to the feeling of extreme thirst.
Frequent urination, the kidneys works with maximum efforts in order to get rid of the excessive glucose so the patient suffers from frequent urination.
Blurring of the eyesight, a change in the shape of the eye lens happens due to the high sugar level in the blood.
Itchy or dry skin due to the poor blood circulation.
Tingling in the hands and feet, burning pains or swelling due to the damage that happens to the nerves from the high blood sugar.
Slow healing of infections, bruises and cuts. The diabetes persons are also exposed to bacteria and fungal infections, especially women are exposed to vaginal candida infections.
Feeling hungry all the time, when a body suffers from a drop of the percentage of the glucose in the blood the body feels it needs more food.

Other Symptoms

There are also two other symptoms that accompany type 2 diabetic which are slow-healing infections and erectile dysfunction.

Treatment of type 2 diabetic can vary according to the value of blood sugar, the age and other factors. The treatment can be Insulin injection or Insulin pump.

Does Exercise Help With Diabetes?

Definitely, Exercise helps to manage and improve diabetes, like stress, weight management, lessen the impact of unhealthy nutritional habits, mental health improvement, and much more…To read and find out about further details in relation to how exercise helps with diabetes, Click here.

Facts About Pollution

Facts About PollutionA Fact everybody know about is that the Global warming of Earth is the major outcome of pollution on Earth, Global warming is the rising of the temperature of the atmosphere and the oceans. The rise of the temperature can lead to the death of some plants and animals and that affects the amounts of food than people use.

The Noctilucent Clouds are a result of the global warming, noctilucent clouds are light clouds that appears in the sky. Noctilucent clouds happens due to the smoke in the sky that are caused by meteorites along with the pollution. Although the noctilucent clouds looks amazing but it is considered a great worry because of the great effect of the pollution.

Other facts about pollution as:

  • Pollution killed about one million sea birds, 100,000 sea mammals all over the world due to the 14 million tons of garbage thrown at sea.
  • Polluted water are one of the main reasons of death especially the children in the African countries and the Indian peninsula.
  • The radioactive water polluted due to the Japanese tsunami caused the pollution of fish in the Pacific Ocean.
  • Number of death from respiratory problems due to pollution have reached about 6500 yearly in Mexico.
  • One ton of oil is split in water out of every 1 million ton during the shipping.
  • China is the most producer of Carbon dioxide emissions in the world.
  • People living in polluted territories are more exposed to lung cancer by 20 percent the people in non polluted areas.
  • The Mexico Gulf is polluted yearly by 1.5 milloion tons of nitrogen that are poured in it from the Mississippi river.
  • Trillions gallons of sewage and industrial waste are thrown in the seas and oceans yearly.
  • The only unpolluted place in Earth is Antarctica.
  • Million of people suffers from stress diseases due to the noise pollution.

Home Appliances Inventions

The washing machine was first invented in the year 1858 by Hamilton Smith, the washing machine concept was rotating. In the year 1930 a new washing machine was invented that used a gasoline engine to operate. The American home appliances manufacturer Bendix Corporation was the first to invent the automatic machine was invented in the year 1937. The top loading washing machine was invented in the year 1947. The modern washing machine was invented in the year 1990.

Before refrigerators, people used to keep the food in Icehouses before the year 1748 when the English professor William Cullen made the first refrigerator in the University of Glasgow. In the year 1805, the American inventor Oliver Evans reached the vapor-compression refrigeration machine. Jacob Perkins made improvements to the idea of Evans in the year 1834. The first mechanical refrigerator was invented using the two previous ideas by John Gorrie in the year 1841. The vapor-compression refrigerator was invented in the year 1853 by the American Alexander C. Twining. James Harrison, the Australian inventor made an ice cooler using ammonia in the year 1856. In the year 1897, the German engineer Ritter von Linde made new technologies in the fields of refrigeration and gas separation and reached great results by the year 1910. Fred W. Wolf made the home refrigerators in the year 1913. The freon was used in the year 1920, and that was the start of the refrigerators that we know.

Gas oven was first invented in the year 1802 by Zachaus Winzler. The British inventor James Sharp made the first concept of the gas ovens that we know in the year 1834. The electrical oven was invented in the year 1826 by James Sharp. Percy Spencer invented the microwave in the year 1946.

The Dishwasher was first invented in the year 1850 by Joel Houghton that depended on the human to rotate. The Electrical dishwasher was invented in the year 1917.

Blender is another home appliance that would make cooking easier, the blender was first invented by Stephen Poplawski in the year 1922.

Signs For Stroke

StrokeHippocrates the most famous Greek physician (460 BC – 370 BC) was the first to discover the stroke and he gave it the Greek name “Apoplexy” which means struck down with violence which was later stroke.

There are three types of stokes, the first type and the most common is the ischemic stroke is loosing a part of the brain functions due to the lack of oxygen supply reaching the brain because of a blockage. Stroke can cause death or neurological damage. Stroke can happen due to several factors as high blood pressure, old age, heart problems, diabetic, high cholesterol and smoking.

The second type is hemorrhagic stroke which happens due to the tearing of a blood vessel in the brain. The third type is transient ischemic attack which is not severe as the two other types as it does not leave a brain damage as the other types but it shall be considered a sign for one of the two types of strokes. Transient ischemic attack happens due to a temporary blockage.

The person that is suffering from a stroke needs to be helped at once as every minute counts. There are three signs that any person can notice which are evidences that the stroke person is having a stroke. Those signs are one side of the face is droopy when smiling, the second sign is that the patient cannot raise both arms in the same level and the third sign is that the patient will not be able to repeat phrases and their speeches will appear strange.

There are warning symptoms that the patients suffering from stroke can feel by themselves, those symptoms are:

  • Feeling Dizzy.
  • Suffering from headaches without other known reasons.
  • Having problems with the coordination, balance and walking.
  • Paralysis or numbness in the face, arm, leg or all of them on one side.
  • Having problems in speaking.
  • Having troubles in seeing by one or the two eyes.
  • Having problems in understanding others.

Have we forgotten something?

Please share in the comments below if you feel we have forgotten to mention anything important about strokes.

Inventions Saved Millions Of Lives

Vaccinations have the merit of saving millions of life. The idea of the vaccinations lies in the concept of raising the immunity of the person by getting a very small and harmful amount of the virus or the microbe. The first scientist to reach a vaccine was the English physician Edward Jenner (1749-1823) and the first vaccine was smallpox vaccine. The other most important vaccinations are Polio vaccine that was discovered by the American virologist Jonas Salk’s (1914-1995), Measles vaccine which was discovered by the American microbiologist Maurice Hilleman (1919-2005) and the Tetanus vaccine was discovered by the French veterinarian and microbiologist Edmond Nocard (1850-1903).

The Swedish inventor Nils Bohlin, was born in the year 1920, is a man who we can call a lifesaver as he saved millions of lives by his invention the car seatbelt.

Adding fluoride to the water and toothpaste saved thousands of people from dying due to teeth abscess, as it would cause horrible pains that will lead to the starvation of the patient. United States of America was the first country to add fluoride to water.

Pasteurization is another life saver, pasteurization is the a method to keep foods and drinks healthy by heating it then cooling it immediately. Pasteurization kills a number of the micro-organisms that causes diseases.

Pacemakers that was first invented in the year 1950 by a Canadian engineer John Alexander Hopps (1919-1998) is one of the life savers. The pacemaker nowadays has become totally different from the first one, it became much smaller and more effective in regulating the heart beats.

Lifestraw is a water filter invention for the people who have problems in getting a supply of clean drinking water. Lifestraw is a plastic tube which filter the water, it can be described as a mobile filter as it can be used to filter any water no matter how unclean it is. Lifestraw was invented by the Danish inventor Torben Vestergaard.

Anemia

The person suffering Anemia suffers from a lack of red blood cells or the decrease of the supposed percentage of the hemoglobin, and that leads to the decrease of the amounts of oxygen that reaches the cells.

The lack of hemoglobin (iron) is not the only type of Anemia but it is the most common the other types are the lack of B12 or lack of folate. There are other types of anemia that accompany some chronic diseases, there are also other sorts of anemia as Hemolytic anemia, Idiopathic aplastic anemia, Megaloblastic anemia, Pernicious anemia, Sickle cell anemia and Thalassemia.

There are some common reasons that can cause anemia as injuries caused by accidents, hemorrhoids, gastritis (ulcers), surgeries, the wrongly repeated blood donation, childbirth and menstruation in case of women that have very heavy periods.

There are several symptoms that would accompany anemia as headache, fatigue, feeling discomfort and loosing concentration, sometimes people suffering from anemia have problems in breathing. In case of patients that suffers from heart problems if they also suffers from severe anemia, those patients are exposed to palpitations, angina or heart failure. During diagnosing the doctors can get sure of the presence of anemia if they found that the patient suffers from low heart pressure, pale skin, a heart murmur or a rapid heart rate. In case of Sickle cell anemia there are other symptoms as yellowing of the eyes and skin, delayed growth and puberty and pains in the joints.

But the doctors gets sure of the presence of anemia by ordering some blood tests as:
Blood levels of iron
Blod levels of vitamin B12
Blood levels of folic acid
Blood levels of other vitamins and minerals
Red blood count
Hemoglobin level
Reticulocyte count
And in the case of Sickle cell anemia there are other tests that should be done as bilirubin, blood oxygen saturation, CBC, hemoglobin electrophoresis, Sickle cell test, serum creatinine and potassium

Treating anemia differ by the difference of the type of anemia, as the lack of iron, b12 or the foilc acid can be treated by nutritional supplements. In severe cases a blood transfussion can help in the treatment. In other cases of anemia other solutions are available as Corticosteroids or Erythropoietin. In case of Thalassemia the most possible treatment is a bone marrow transplant. In case of Sickle cell anemia the treatments may be bone marrow or stem transplants.

Food That Burns Fats Of Your Body

Food That Kill Fats

Eating certain foods can help the body getting rid of fats, along with exercising as the foods by themselves are usually not enough.

Avocados are very helpful in burning belly fat as one avocado can help in reducing about 14 grams of monounsaturated fat.

Chinese cabbage, cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, brussel sprouts, and kale are very useful in loosing fats especially belly fats as they contain phytonutrients, which are fighters of estrogen in the stomach which help in the fighting the belly fats. Eating the previous veggies can help in reducing belly fats even without doing exercises.

Whole grain bread, brown rice, and whole grains need more calories to be burned in order to be digested than the other alternative foods.

Chili Peppers as they have an effective components which is capsaicin that is very helpful in burning fats.

Omelets, egg yolks as it has the protein that the body needs without the fats that are available in other proteins food.

Citrus fruit as Oranges, lemons or mandarins are helpful in reducing weight as they are full of vitamin C which is an auxiliary factor in burning fats.

Beans and lentils can help in reducing toxins and give the amount needed of the vitamins and iron especially lentils.

Bananas, berries especially the blue berries are full of nutrients and antioxidants.

Chicken, turkey, salmon or any other lean protein contains only good fats and has no harmful fats, but do not fry it as the frying adds the unnecessary fats.

Green Tea is one drink that can be very useful in burning fats because it is full of the antioxidants.

Garlic and onions contain minerals which help in break down fat.

Yogurt has very low fats and can be used as a snack, or a full meal if you added fruits.

Beef coming from grass-fed animals not the grains fed animals as the first have less Omega-3 fats than the second while the first animals have more vitamins and minerals than the second type which help in building muscles.

Drink water instead of sports drinks, soda drinks and Juices.

Olive oil and coconut oil have much less fats than the other oils.

Apples are full of pectin which can lessen the percentage of fats that the body cells can absorb.

Cinnamon is a spice that can be added to a lot of foods especially sweets, as it has very important role in metabolizing sugar.

Pine Nuts contain healthy fats and an amino acid called ghrelin which gives the brain false alarms of satiation.

Almonds, peanuts, walnuts and other seeds are very helpful as a snack as it give the feeling of satiation and in the same time it is full of healthy fats and minerals and help in burning fats.

What are your tips about food that burns fats of your body?

Use the comments section below and share with us.

About Parachute And The Parachute Jump

About Parachute And The Parachute JumpThe idea of parachuting is to slow the fall of the human by creating a drag. The parachute is usually made from nylon because it has the advantage of being light and strong.

The first idea of the parachute was in a drawings made by an anonymous Italian in the year 1470. Leonardo Da Vinci made a design of a parachute in the year 1485 in the shape of upside pyramid with a square frame from wood. Fausto Veranzio the Croatian inventor changed Leonardo Da Vinci design in the year 1595, by changing the squared part to a sail like part.

A great progress appeared in the year 1783, by the France inventor Louis-Sébastien Lenormand, Lenormand tried the parachute by himself. Lenormand’s parachute was close to the modern parachute and two years later he gave his design the name parachute. Jean-Pierre Blanchard changed the fibers that are used in the parachute from Linen to silk in the year 1790. André Garnerin invented a parachute with ventilation  which increased the stability of the parachute, he was also the first to make a parachute without a wooden frame.

Paul Letteman and Kathchen Paulus were the first to reach a way to fold the parachutes and pack it in a bag.

In the year 1907 Charles Broadwick reached to the idea of pulling the parachute out from the bag using a static line. Grant Morton made a successful jump from a plane in the year 1911, while Franz Reichelt failed to make a jump from the Eiffel tower in the year 1912. The Slovakian inventor Stefan Banic invented in the year 1914 an actively used parachute.

Parachute is the common equipment in several sports now as parachuting, skydiving, suit-jumping and base-jumping.
Andre-Jacques Garnerin was the first to start skydiving in the year 1797.
In the year 1919, Leslie Irvin was the first to make a free-fall.
In the year 1960, parachute jumping (parachuting) was treated as a sport.
In the year 2012, Gary Connery the British stuntman started the first suitjumping or wing suit.
The previous parachute uses are from planes or hot balloon in the the case of Andre-Jacques Garnerin while the base-jumping is using a the wing suit and jumping from a high base.

Soap And Detergents

Soap is composed of salt, alkaline and fats and Detergents are alkylbenzenesulfonates which make more soluble in hard water than the soap. Soap is made through adding liquid alkali to heated fats or oil. Detergents are made from surfactants that cleans better than soap in hard water, it also contains enzymes, bleaches and blue dye. Enzymes are used to take off the protein stains, the bleaches are used to take the colored stains off, while the blue dye importance is to get rid of the yellowing that is produced due to the use of the bleaches.

The first people that used soap for cleaning are the Babylonians about 5000 years ago by combining water, alkali and cassia oil, while the Ancient Egyptians 3500 years ago made soap out of vegetable and animal oil with alkalies salt. In the twelve century the Arabs used a soap made of alkali, by the fifteen century France started the industry soap then followed by England. In the sixteen century soap was developed by using vegetables oil. The Romans were the first to give the name of the soap (sapo) after mixing tallow with ashes but the mixture was not used for cleaning. In the year 1789 the high quality soap industry started by Andrew Pears, and a low priced but still have good quality was produced by William Gossage in the year 1850.

Robert Spear Hudson was the first to grind the soap introducing soap powder in the year 1837.
While the liquid soap was invented in the year 1800 by William Shepphard.
Otto Rohm was the first to use enzymes in the detergent laundry in the year 1900.
Proctor and Gamble was the first to manufacture the washing detergent in the year 1920 to replace the soap flakes.
Dishwashing liquid is a specialized soap for cleaning the dishes and cooking utensils. There are also detergents specialized in cleaning glass, metal, toilet, and all purposes.

Who Discovered Ink And Other Writing Methods

Who Discovered Ink And Other Writing MethodsThere was no alternatives for the cavemen than carving the stones to get their drawings, but when the ink was invented it gave a huge push to writing. The papyrus was the first papers invented by the Egyptians followed by the Chinese papers, while the ink appeared in China first then followed bu the Egyptian.

The Egyptians were the first to invest a writing tool which is stylus, they used it to carve shapes on papyrus. About 4500 years ago the Chinese “Tien-Lcheu” used soot from pinewood mixed with oil to make a black liquid, they used a bird feather to write on papers. Then the Chinese added to the previous ink gelatin made from the skin of animals.

Later the Indians made their own ink using burnt bones, tar, pitch and other materials.

Later after about 1300 years the ink liquid was improved by adding natural dyes extracted from minerals and plants. Then it was improved by adding several materials as gum, nut galls, and iron-salts to get different types of inks.

By the beginnings of the first century the first metal pen was discovered by the Indians, it was similar to a quill but with metal point that had to be dipped in the ink every few moments.

In the fifth century in Rome appeared a type of ink made from iron-salts mixed with tannin from gall nuts.

On the twelfth century another type of ink was invented by using the water resulting from the soaking of dried barks of hawthorn branches for more than a week, then boiling the water after adding wine, the following step is to dry the liquid in the sun, the last step was to add iron salt to the mixture and heat it after adding wine.

By the tenth century the Egyptians invented the ink pen, as they invented a pen which held ink with a reservoir, this can be considered the first fountain pen. The fountain pen we know was inveted by the the American Duncan MacKinnon in the year 1850.

The fifteen century noticed the invention of the printing press, and a new type of ink was inveted using soot, glue, and water.

In the year 1500 the British Grey Knotts made the first pencil by cutting the graphite into sticks and rape the graphite sticks with sheep skin this was replaced later by wood in the year 1560 by the Italian Simonio and Lyndiana Bernacotti.

In the year 1906 the first mechanical pencil was invented by the engineer Slavoljub Eduard Penkala.

The American- British Henry Solomon Wellcome (1853-1936) invented the first invesible ink.

In the year 1938 the Hungarian “Laszlo Biro” invented the ball point pen.

The Japanese were the next people to make an improve by inventing the the fibre or felt-tipped pen in the year 1960. The fibre or felt-tipped pen is the basic of marker pens and highlighters.