Who Discovered Iron

Iron is one of the most common elements and one of the most used metals, Iron in the Latin language was called Ferrum that is why it is called (fe) in the periodic table. The thirteenth century BC is called the iron era.

Iron is one of the vital factors for living as the combining of iron with oxygen in hemoglobin and that is how oxygen is transported to the body cells. Plants use iron two in th process of photosynthesis.

Iron has been available in the earth crust for ages but nobody was able to use it till the beginnings of the 16th century BC, the Hittites from West Asia were the first to reach for the using of iron as a weapon. The Hittites kept their secret of how they used iron till their empire fell apart.

By the eleventh century BC other nations were able to use the iron as Egyptians, Greeks, Jews, Philistines, Romans, Carthaginians, Kushites, and Assyrians.

Aryans transferred the iron uses to India 200 years later, a century later the secret was transferred to China.

The largest iron producers in the world are China, Russia, Brazil, Canada, Australia, and India. While the countries that produce iron from the ore are China, Japan, the United States, Russia, Germany, and Brazil.

Viltgjerde Herasnorge in Norway. Heras’ s major products are fences, gates, barriers and automation, as well as construction site fences, noise barriers and roadblock. They offer installation, fencing material, service, repairs and maintenance. They are a total supplier of physical perimeter security throughout the country. They design, supply and install perimeter security and access control.

The products come mainly directly from their own factories. They deliver their products and services to all types of customers, and the most common are businesses, public enterprises, entrepreneurs, prisons, ports, kindergartens, private, etc.

Iron is extracted from its ore by first heating the iron with limestone and coke in a huge oven under a tremendous heat that can reach till 1500 degree celsius which leaves the ore free from the oxygen and the impurities, combining iron with carbon produces steel. Iron is used in several combines with other metals as copper or aluminum to be used in producing very helpful compounds.

The difference in the percentage of carbon would give different types of iron as steel, cast and wrought iron. Cast iron is made of melted pig iron then poured in moulds to take certain shapes and left to be solidified. Wrought iron has the least percentage of carbon, the most famous structure that used the wrought iron is the Eiffel Tower.

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Food And Habits That Are Weight Gainnig

Overweight and underweight are two different problems concerning food but the overweight is much more spotlighted, in order to keep away from obesity you should keep away from the following foods but if you suffer from underweight you can eat those foods without feeling any guilt.

Food that will hell you gain weight as:
Frying potatoes, whether french fries or the chips are one of the main reasons for the obesity over the world. Potato by itself is full of starch which causes fattening.

Red Meat and processed meats as salami, sausage and bacon are foods full of fats, calories and that leads to gaining weight.

Fast food in general are from the fastening factors as they are full of saturated fats high sugar percentage.

Fried food is a main source of fats as butter and oil are factors of weight gaining..

Sweet beverages, soda and energy drinks are fattening foods due to the high calories they produce to he body.

Sweets, simple sugar, biscuits, ice cream, cream, chocolate, cakes and other deserts are all foods that would give fatness.

Food containing white flour are more fattening that the food made from brown flour. The bread made from refined grains increases the blood sugar and the sugar turns to fats.

Habits that will cause fattening:
Sleeping less than 6 hours or more than 8 ours can cause a small gained weight.

Watching TV while eating or eating snacks while watching TV are major factors of weight gain.

alcohol except wine have ben proven as factors for weight gain.


Laser Hair Removal, Facts And Mistakes

Laser has been proven success in lots of fields including the hair removal. If you are intending to try this procedure you should stop waxing, plucking and exposing to sun for six weeks. There has been a lot of rumors about the hair removal laser, such as:

The great blunder that Laser hair removal are cancerous. This is completely wrong as the laser has been used in hair removal since 1990 and has been under experiments for other 20 years before that date and not even one case of cancer has been registered.

Everybody should wear special glasses, that is true. During any use of the laser not only the hair removal laser, a special glass shall be worn, as the laser is a beam of light that can affect the eyes.

The result after the laser hair removal is not assured as it depends on the settings of the laser beams, either is it long or short wavelength, and other settings in the device of the laser. You can get the best results if you checked that the person doing the process has a lot of experience in that field.

Any hair can be removed by the laser, that is wrong. The laser can be very effective on the black or brown hair but it does not affect the white hair.

The hair grows back again after a session of the laser, that is wrong. The single hair that is exposed to the laser does not grow again, but the laser effects the hair that are in specified stage, so you need to get 4 to 6 sessions of laser to be assured that you covered all stages of hair.

The hair follicle might get red or swell, that is true but that can be cured by the physicians.

A pregnant woman should not take that procedure, that is wrong as the laser effects only he surface of the skin.


Facts and Signs Of Diabetes

There are two types of Diabetes, Type 1 diabetic is the diabetic that appears when the immunity system considers the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin as an enemy of the body and starts fighting them. Type 2 diabetic is the diabetic that show on the people who are not able to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes is the most common as 90 percent of the diabetic people carry type 2 diabetic.

There are common symptoms between the two types of diabetics such as:
Fatigue, because of the decrease of the glucose percentage in the blood, the diabetic person feels fatigue after eating.
Weight loss, the high percentage of glucose in the blood leads to the loss weight of an average of 10 to 20 kilograms in two or three months.
Extreme thirst, the high percentages of sugar in the blood leads to the feeling of extreme thirst.
Frequent urination, the kidneys works with maximum efforts in order to get rid of the excessive glucose so the patient suffers from frequent urination.
Blurring of the eyesight, a change in the shape of the eye lens happens due to the high sugar level in the blood.
Itchy or dry skin due to the poor blood circulation.
Tingling in the hands and feet, burning pains or swelling due to the damage that happens to the nerves from the high blood sugar.
Slow healing of infections, bruises and cuts. The diabetes persons are also exposed to bacteria and fungal infections, especially women are exposed to vaginal candida infections.
Feeling hungry all the time, when a body suffers from a drop of the percentage of the glucose in the blood the body feels it needs more food.

There are also two other symptoms that accompany type 2 diabetic which are slow-healing infections and erectile dysfunction.

Treatment of type 2 diabetic can vary according to the value of blood sugar, the age and other factors. The treatment can be Insulin injection or Insulin pump.


Facts About Pollution

Facts About PollutionA Fact everybody know about is that the Global warming of Earth is the major outcome of pollution on Earth, Global warming is the rising of the temperature of the atmosphere and the oceans. The rise of the temperature can lead to the death of some plants and animals and that affects the amounts of food than people use.

The Noctilucent Clouds are a result of the global warming, noctilucent clouds are light clouds that appears in the sky. Noctilucent clouds happens due to the smoke in the sky that are caused by meteorites along with the pollution. Although the noctilucent clouds looks amazing but it is considered a great worry because of the great effect of the pollution.

Other facts about pollution as:

  • Pollution killed about one million sea birds, 100,000 sea mammals all over the world due to the 14 million tons of garbage thrown at sea.
  • Polluted water are one of the main reasons of death especially the children in the African countries and the Indian peninsula.
  • The radioactive water polluted due to the Japanese tsunami caused the pollution of fish in the Pacific Ocean.
  • Number of death from respiratory problems due to pollution have reached about 6500 yearly in Mexico.
  • One ton of oil is split in water out of every 1 million ton during the shipping.
  • China is the most producer of Carbon dioxide emissions in the world.
  • People living in polluted territories are more exposed to lung cancer by 20 percent the people in non polluted areas.
  • The Mexico Gulf is polluted yearly by 1.5 milloion tons of nitrogen that are poured in it from the Mississippi river.
  • Trillions gallons of sewage and industrial waste are thrown in the seas and oceans yearly.
  • The only unpolluted place in Earth is Antarctica.
  • Million of people suffers from stress diseases due to the noise pollution.

Home Appliances Inventions

The washing machine was first invented in the year 1858 by Hamilton Smith, the washing machine concept was rotating. In the year 1930 a new washing machine was invented that used a gasoline engine to operate. The American home appliances manufacturer Bendix Corporation was the first to invent the automatic machine was invented in the year 1937. The top loading washing machine was invented in the year 1947. The modern washing machine was invented in the year 1990.

Before refrigerators, people used to keep the food in Icehouses before the year 1748 when the English professor William Cullen made the first refrigerator in the University of Glasgow. In the year 1805, the American inventor Oliver Evans reached the vapor-compression refrigeration machine. Jacob Perkins made improvements to the idea of Evans in the year 1834. The first mechanical refrigerator was invented using the two previous ideas by John Gorrie in the year 1841. The vapor-compression refrigerator was invented in the year 1853 by the American Alexander C. Twining. James Harrison, the Australian inventor made an ice cooler using ammonia in the year 1856. In the year 1897, the German engineer Ritter von Linde made new technologies in the fields of refrigeration and gas separation and reached great results by the year 1910. Fred W. Wolf made the home refrigerators in the year 1913. The freon was used in the year 1920, and that was the start of the refrigerators that we know.

Gas oven was first invented in the year 1802 by Zachaus Winzler. The British inventor James Sharp made the first concept of the gas ovens that we know in the year 1834. The electrical oven was invented in the year 1826 by James Sharp. Percy Spencer invented the microwave in the year 1946.

The Dishwasher was first invented in the year 1850 by Joel Houghton that depended on the human to rotate. The Electrical dishwasher was invented in the year 1917.

Blender is another home appliance that would make cooking easier, the blender was first invented by Stephen Poplawski in the year 1922.


Signs For Stroke

StrokeHippocrates the most famous Greek physician (460 BC – 370 BC) was the first to discover the stroke and he gave it the Greek name “Apoplexy” which means struck down with violence which was later stroke.

There are three types of stokes, the first type and the most common is the ischemic stroke is loosing a part of the brain functions due to the lack of oxygen supply reaching the brain because of a blockage. Stroke can cause death or neurological damage. Stroke can happen due to several factors as high blood pressure, old age, heart problems, diabetic, high cholesterol and smoking.

The second type is hemorrhagic stroke which happens due to the tearing of a blood vessel in the brain. The third type is transient ischemic attack which is not severe as the two other types as it does not leave a brain damage as the other types but it shall be considered a sign for one of the two types of strokes. Transient ischemic attack happens due to a temporary blockage.

The person that is suffering from a stroke needs to be helped at once as every minute counts. There are three signs that any person can notice which are evidences that the stroke person is having a stroke. Those signs are one side of the face is droopy when smiling, the second sign is that the patient cannot raise both arms in the same level and the third sign is that the patient will not be able to repeat phrases and their speeches will appear strange.

There are warning symptoms that the patients suffering from stroke can feel by themselves, those symptoms are:

  • Feeling Dizzy.
  • Suffering from headaches without other known reasons.
  • Having problems with the coordination, balance and walking.
  • Paralysis or numbness in the face, arm, leg or all of them on one side.
  • Having problems in speaking.
  • Having troubles in seeing by one or the two eyes.
  • Having problems in understanding others.

Have we forgotten something?

Please share in the comments below if you feel we have forgotten to mention anything important about strokes.


Inventions Saved Millions Of Lives

Vaccinations have the merit of saving millions of life. The idea of the vaccinations lies in the concept of raising the immunity of the person by getting a very small and harmful amount of the virus or the microbe. The first scientist to reach a vaccine was the English physician Edward Jenner (1749-1823) and the first vaccine was smallpox vaccine. The other most important vaccinations are Polio vaccine that was discovered by the American virologist Jonas Salk’s (1914-1995), Measles vaccine which was discovered by the American microbiologist Maurice Hilleman (1919-2005) and the Tetanus vaccine was discovered by the French veterinarian and microbiologist Edmond Nocard (1850-1903).

The Swedish inventor Nils Bohlin, was born in the year 1920, is a man who we can call a lifesaver as he saved millions of lives by his invention the car seatbelt.

Adding fluoride to the water and toothpaste saved thousands of people from dying due to teeth abscess, as it would cause horrible pains that will lead to the starvation of the patient. United States of America was the first country to add fluoride to water.

Pasteurization is another life saver, pasteurization is the a method to keep foods and drinks healthy by heating it then cooling it immediately. Pasteurization kills a number of the micro-organisms that causes diseases.

Pacemakers that was first invented in the year 1950 by a Canadian engineer John Alexander Hopps (1919-1998) is one of the life savers. The pacemaker nowadays has become totally different from the first one, it became much smaller and more effective in regulating the heart beats.

Lifestraw is a water filter invention for the people who have problems in getting a supply of clean drinking water. Lifestraw is a plastic tube which filter the water, it can be described as a mobile filter as it can be used to filter any water no matter how unclean it is. Lifestraw was invented by the Danish inventor Torben Vestergaard.



The person suffering Anemia suffers from a lack of red blood cells or the decrease of the supposed percentage of the hemoglobin, and that leads to the decrease of the amounts of oxygen that reaches the cells.

The lack of hemoglobin (iron) is not the only type of Anemia but it is the most common the other types are the lack of B12 or lack of folate. There are other types of anemia that accompany some chronic diseases, there are also other sorts of anemia as Hemolytic anemia, Idiopathic aplastic anemia, Megaloblastic anemia, Pernicious anemia, Sickle cell anemia and Thalassemia.

There are some common reasons that can cause anemia as injuries caused by accidents, hemorrhoids, gastritis (ulcers), surgeries, the wrongly repeated blood donation, childbirth and menstruation in case of women that have very heavy periods.

There are several symptoms that would accompany anemia as headache, fatigue, feeling discomfort and loosing concentration, sometimes people suffering from anemia have problems in breathing. In case of patients that suffers from heart problems if they also suffers from severe anemia, those patients are exposed to palpitations, angina or heart failure. During diagnosing the doctors can get sure of the presence of anemia if they found that the patient suffers from low heart pressure, pale skin, a heart murmur or a rapid heart rate. In case of Sickle cell anemia there are other symptoms as yellowing of the eyes and skin, delayed growth and puberty and pains in the joints.

But the doctors gets sure of the presence of anemia by ordering some blood tests as:
Blood levels of iron
Blod levels of vitamin B12
Blood levels of folic acid
Blood levels of other vitamins and minerals
Red blood count
Hemoglobin level
Reticulocyte count
And in the case of Sickle cell anemia there are other tests that should be done as bilirubin, blood oxygen saturation, CBC, hemoglobin electrophoresis, Sickle cell test, serum creatinine and potassium

Treating anemia differ by the difference of the type of anemia, as the lack of iron, b12 or the foilc acid can be treated by nutritional supplements. In severe cases a blood transfussion can help in the treatment. In other cases of anemia other solutions are available as Corticosteroids or Erythropoietin. In case of Thalassemia the most possible treatment is a bone marrow transplant. In case of Sickle cell anemia the treatments may be bone marrow or stem transplants.


Food That Burns Fats Of Your Body

Food That Kill Fats

Eating certain foods can help the body getting rid of fats, along with exercising as the foods by themselves are usually not enough.

Avocados are very helpful in burning belly fat as one avocado can help in reducing about 14 grams of monounsaturated fat.

Chinese cabbage, cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, brussel sprouts, and kale are very useful in loosing fats especially belly fats as they contain phytonutrients, which are fighters of estrogen in the stomach which help in the fighting the belly fats. Eating the previous veggies can help in reducing belly fats even without doing exercises.

Whole grain bread, brown rice, and whole grains need more calories to be burned in order to be digested than the other alternative foods.

Chili Peppers as they have an effective components which is capsaicin that is very helpful in burning fats.

Omelets, egg yolks as it has the protein that the body needs without the fats that are available in other proteins food.

Citrus fruit as Oranges, lemons or mandarins are helpful in reducing weight as they are full of vitamin C which is an auxiliary factor in burning fats.

Beans and lentils can help in reducing toxins and give the amount needed of the vitamins and iron especially lentils.

Bananas, berries especially the blue berries are full of nutrients and antioxidants.

Chicken, turkey, salmon or any other lean protein contains only good fats and has no harmful fats, but do not fry it as the frying adds the unnecessary fats.

Green Tea is one drink that can be very useful in burning fats because it is full of the antioxidants.

Garlic and onions contain minerals which help in break down fat.

Yogurt has very low fats and can be used as a snack, or a full meal if you added fruits.

Beef coming from grass-fed animals not the grains fed animals as the first have less Omega-3 fats than the second while the first animals have more vitamins and minerals than the second type which help in building muscles.

Drink water instead of sports drinks, soda drinks and Juices.

Olive oil and coconut oil have much less fats than the other oils.

Apples are full of pectin which can lessen the percentage of fats that the body cells can absorb.

Cinnamon is a spice that can be added to a lot of foods especially sweets, as it has very important role in metabolizing sugar.

Pine Nuts contain healthy fats and an amino acid called ghrelin which gives the brain false alarms of satiation.

Almonds, peanuts, walnuts and other seeds are very helpful as a snack as it give the feeling of satiation and in the same time it is full of healthy fats and minerals and help in burning fats.

What are your tips about food that burns fats of your body?

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