Science, Space Exploration

In this time of uncertainty about the future direction of the nation’s space program, “The Value of Science in Space Exploration” defends the often-overlooked view that scientific understanding of the solar system has intrinsic and instrumental value.

Human space exploration helps answer fundamental questions about our place in the universe and the history of the solar system. From technological advances to medical research and scientific breakthroughs, space exploration affects our daily lives. Human space exploration inspires nations to seek knowledge through scientific discoveries that expand our understanding of the universe.

By solving the challenges of human space exploration, we expand technology, create new industries and help strengthen peaceful ties with other countries. Space exploration allows us to confirm or disprove scientific theories developed about our earthly home. By exploring space, scientists have learned important and amazing things about the Earth. The study of the cosmos gives us the keys to the creation of universes and our future.

UCF’s space exploration involves exploring big questions and unknowns about our planetary system, including a small part of Earth. While the study of space is primarily carried out by astronomers using telescopes, physical exploration of space is carried out through unmanned robotic probes and manned spaceflight. NASA oversees a diverse portfolio of space missions, from sending robotic probes to explore distant planets to launching satellites to study Earth’s atmosphere and oceans. Many countries around the world, partnered with one of these space superpowers or on their own missions, have made robotic exploration of the solar system a top priority of their space work.

From the very beginning of space activities in the United States, the Soviet Union, and Europe, governments have prioritized support for science in space and in space. From humble beginnings, space science, with government support, has expanded to include billion-dollar exploration missions in the solar system. Examples of such efforts include the development of the Curiosity rover, the Cassini-Huygens mission to Saturn and its moons, and the development of large space-based observatories such as the Hubble Space Telescope.

Exploration programs include human and robotic spaceflights to the Moon, Mars and other parts of the solar system, as well as space observatories and other spacecraft to answer the question of whether life exists elsewhere in the universe. This marked the beginning of a new era in space exploration, with NASA’s mission to develop the systems and capabilities needed to explore beyond low Earth orbit, including in translunar space, near-Earth asteroids and ultimately Mars. Since the end of the Apollo moon landing program in 1972, human space exploration has been limited to low-Earth orbit, with many countries participating and conducting research on the International Space Station.

Until humans resume such exploration journeys, robotic spacecraft will continue to serve in their place to explore the solar system and explore the mysteries of the universe. Robotic missions are an important step in preparing humans to visit asteroids, where we learn about the valuable resources available in space and develop ways to use them in our quest for more efficient and convenient exploration.

Missions in translunar space will give NASA and NASA partners the opportunity to develop operational tools and techniques to support future exploration for decades to come, while remaining relatively close to Earth. By working in translunar space, NASA can investigate galactic cosmic radiation, potentially the most dangerous element for humans exploring deep space, and develop mitigation strategies that could also lead to medical advances on Earth. With the support of the Ground Exploration Systems (EGS), the Space Launch System and Orion will carry more people into space than ever and are essential for deep space exploration, including future human exploration of Mars.

A satellite called the Explorer has delivered various instruments into space to conduct scientific experiments. In the 1960s and 1970s, a new government agency also launched a series of space probes called Mariner that studied Venus, Mars, and Mercury. In the 1960s, a new government agency made progress towards President Kennedy’s goal of landing a man on the moon through a program called “Project Gemini” in which astronauts tested technology needed for future flights to the moon and tested their own ability to withstand many days. astronauts in their space flight.

It was followed by the NASA Skylab space station, the first orbiting laboratory for astronauts and scientists to study Earth and the effects of spaceflight on the human body. In 1958, U.S. space exploration activities were merged into a new government agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). It was inevitable when scientists turned to the government for support for the first space experiment.

NASA’s Human Exploration Portfolio will be the first catalyst to improve life on Earth, advance U.S. leadership in space, and pave the way for peace, diplomacy and global cooperation. If we dare to look beyond our earthly homeland, but also to learn more about ourselves and our planet, and improve life on earth, maybe, just maybe, find or create a new future for our children, said VP Walter Cugno . The research and science area of ​​Thales Alenia Space. Understanding the environments in which humans might one day live on other planets, as well as studying our biological systems and how materials behave when they are not affected by gravity, these efforts are critical to our future and space exploration. This helps us find answers to our questions. Schwartz further believes that there is indeed an overwhelming responsibility to improve our scientific understanding, including our understanding of the space environment, and a corresponding responsibility to participate in scientific exploration of the solar system.

The Co-Chairs of the Action Team stressed the importance of the report, “representing the first time that the United Nations has taken a comprehensive look at manned and robotic exploration beyond low Earth orbit and served as a basis for further consideration of how the United Nations system can contribute to a new era of peaceful research and use of space.

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