Successful Landings Of Chinese Rovers

After orbiting Mars for months, a Chinese rover successfully landed on the surface of Mars on Friday, making China the second country after the United States to make a soft landing on Mars. After orbiting Mars for several months, the Tianwen-1 spacecraft landed the Zhurong rover on the Utopia Plain, a vast plain that may have been once covered by an ancient Martian ocean. The Chinese spacecraft Tianwen-1 orbiting the red planet has abandoned its lander and rover as it completes the most dangerous part of its ten-month mission, naming it Zhu Rong after the Chinese god of fire.

On July 23, 2020, its Zhurong spacecraft, named after the Chinese Vulcan, was aboard the Tianwen-1 spacecraft launched by China’s Wenchang Space Center. Zhu Rong was launched in July 2020 as part of China’s first independent Mars Tianwen mission. – 1.

This success marks the complete success of the Chinas Tianwen-1 mission, China’s first independent interplanetary mission, launched in July 2020 and orbited Mars on February 10. The mission was the second of three Mars exploration missions launched in July 2020, after the Emirates Space Agency’s United Arab Orbiter Hope mission and before NASA’s Mars 2020 mission, in which the Perseverance rover landed with a drone. The Ingenuity helicopter has connected.

Tianwen-1 became China’s first mission to orbit Mars when it arrived in February, making China the sixth country or space agency to have a Mars orbiter after the United States, the former Soviet Union, the European Space Agency, India and the United States. Bureau. United Arab Emirates. After the successful landing of the Zhurong rover, China has become the second country after the United States to land and use spacecraft on Mars. China joins the United States as the country that has successfully landed on Mars.

China’s space program took a big leap today when the Zhurong rover successfully landed on Mars, the country’s first landing on another planet. Official news agencies have confirmed that the Chinas Zhurong rover, mounted on a rocket lander, crashed from its Tianwen-1 orbital launch vehicle and landed on the red planet, a super-powerful feat that highlights the rising prowess of the Chinese. space program.

Its Tianwen-1 orbiting mother ship and China’s Zhurong rover reached Mars orbit on February 10, seven months after launch from the Wenchang Space Center on Hainan Island in the South China Sea. Its first spacecraft landed on the plains of southern Utopia, “leaving Chinese footprints on Mars for the first time,” according to the official Xinhua news agency. Few details of China’s Tianwen-1 mission have been made public, but the Chinese rover and accompanying rover are designed to map the Martian surface and search for signs of life on Mars. According to Andrew Jones, a reporter covering China’s space activities, the lander has been exploring the utopian landing site for more than three months, flying close to Mars in an elliptical orbit (model of an egg-shaped orbit) every 49 hours.

His Zhurong aircraft will stay on Mars for about 93 days (roughly 90 Earth days), exploring a region of Mars known as Utopia Planitia, the same area where Perseverance landed in February. The Zhuzhong rover, named after the god of fire in Chinese mythology, landed on a pre-selected area of ​​Mars’ Utopia Plain on Saturday morning, state news agency Xinhua reported. The Zhurong rover, named after the ancient Chinese god of fire, is similar in size to the Spirit and Opportunity rovers that landed on the Red Planet in 2004 and has returned spectacular images and data about the state of the planet’s surface. The China Zhurong Probe of the National Space Administration is equipped with six instruments, including multispectral cameras, ground cameras, Earth radar, magnetic field detectors, weather sensors, and more.

Its first spacecraft marks a major step forward for the country’s space program, which has successfully launched orbiters, landers and rovers on a single mission. While not in the same alliance as NASA’s Perseverance rover, the combination of its Tianwen-1 orbital launch vehicle and China’s first-ever land-based probe for Mars heralds a more ambitious mission. Its 10-month mission is China’s first to the red planet and makes China the third country after Russia and the United States to land a spacecraft on Mars. Beyond Mars, China’s space program plans to launch probes to Jupiter, including a possible landing on the moon Callisto, to collect samples from near-Earth asteroids and send a pair of Voyager-type spacecraft to the edge of the solar system.

A successful landing on the red planet could lead to more advanced Chinese missions, including a sample return initiative expected to be completed by 2030. release of the rover in China, the first mission to Mars. Heavenly Questions is an interplanetary mission under the China National Space Administration (CNSA) Planetary Exploration China mission to send a robotic spacecraft to Mars, consisting of an orbiter, a deployable camera, a lander and a Zhurong rover. China’s Tianwen-1 spacecraft launched from Earth in July 2020 and landed on the Red Planet in February 2021, but the landing was the biggest test of China’s nascent deep space exploration capabilities.

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