Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, known as Leonardo da Vinci was born in the year 1452 and died in the year 1519, he was born in Florence, Italy. Da Vinci is considered one of the great savants in many aspects.
Leonardo’s father Ser Piero was a notary and his mother Caterina was a peasant girl. Leonardo had started his life in Vinci, then moved to Milan, Rome, Bologna then back to Vinci, and he spent his last years in France.
His inventions and the papers he left proves that he is a great mathematician, scientist, engineer, architect, cartographer, biologist, botanist, musician, paleontologist, sculptor and of course a remarkable painter. All the papers that belonged to Leonardo were written as a mirror view of writings, it was supposed to be due to secrecy, others suppose that it was easier for Leonardo to write this my due to being left handed. Leonardo writing are in the image of the Anatomical study of the arm.
When following the works of Leonardo as a biologist, you can find papers that proves that he studid the anatomy of human and drew the bones, the muscles and tendons. He also drew the heart, the vascular system, and other internal organs. He even drew a picture of a foetus in the womb.
Leonardo da Vinci paintings are considered among the most famous paintings in the history, some of his paintings have been famous for hundred of years now, as the Virgin of the Rocks, the Last Supper, the Virgin and Child, the Baptism of Christ and the most well known the Monaliza.
Leonardo da Vinci the musician, invented a lyre.
As a mathematician he drew several drawings of regular solids, the drawings were available in his papers.
As an inventor and engineer, Leonardo left drawings and designs for a flying invention that he designed and called it ornithopter (close to the helicopter now), a parachute, a glidder. There were also designs for war tank, a short range gun. He also designed a primitive clock. He was able to make drawings of a crane to move large stones, but he didn’t actually build the crane. He drew a bridge to cross a distance of 220 meters in for Sultan Beyazid II of Constantinople.
When he was assigned as an engineer and architect he drew a map of Cesare Borgia’s stronghold of Imola.
As a paleontologists, he assumed that the fossils of oysters and corals were alive and burried in the sea before the sea turns to mountains. That was a new theory at that time as it was resumed that those fossils were carried up their by floods.