Plastic is synthetic or semi-synthetic materials derived from the petroleum or national gas. Plastic may be shaped to millions of shapes when it is still soft and keep that shape when hardened. Plastic is used in the manufacturing of acrylics, polyesters, silicones, polyurethanes, and halogenated plastics.
Plastic has succeeded to replace a lot of materials such as glass, rubber, wood, and metals in a lot of uses.
In the year 1839, Eduard Simon the German pharmacist had discovered polystyrene by distilling an oily material from the Sweetgum tree, he noticed that it was thickened after few days.
In the year 1862, Alexander Parkes (1813-1890) the English inventor was able to produce the parkesine. The parkesine is made from cellulose in its organic form.
In the year 1869, Daniel Spill (1832-1887) the English inventor and Parkes assistant, was able to invent xylonite.
In the year 1870, John Wesley Hyatt (1837-1920) the American inventor, came with the celluloid. He used the cellulose with alcoholized camphor.
In the year 1872, Eugen Baumann (1846-1896) the German chemist, invented polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
In the year 1899, the phenol-formaldehyde resins was invented by Arthur Smith.
The American inventor Leo Baekeland (1863-1944) was able to create the bakelite by combining formaldehyde and phenol in the year 1907. Bakelite was a great success as it was cheaper, and stronger and they were able to shape to thousands of shapes.
The American chemist Wallace Carothers (1896-1937) was able to create nylon in the year 1939, Nylon was the first synthetic fiber.
Then different kinds of plastic were invented successively. Also appeared recently the disadvantages of the plastic as they don’t decompose. The breakthrough of recycling started and solved many problems that will help in keeping Earth green.